How to wash silk, linen and cashmere clothing?
Nov 01, 2022
When washing clothes of this special fabric, you still need to know some precautions in cleaning in advance, such as whether it is suitable for machine washing, how to dry it, etc.
- The silk material is very delicate and needs careful care. It is necessary to avoid dragging or twisting with gravity in rough places, which will easily lead to damage to protein fibers. Therefore, if the silk clothes are not properly washed and cared for, there may be wrinkles, silk threads, and permanent damage.
- Washing: Silk clothes are woven from protein fibers, and should not be washed with ordinary washing machines or rubbed on rough items such as washboards. It should be hand washed or machine washed in a washing machine with a silk care function. Before washing, soak the clothes in cold water for about 5-10 minutes, and use neutral soap or silk detergent for washing.
- Drying: Silk clothes should not be directly sun-dried after washing, and should not be dried. Should be dried in the shade. Because ultraviolet rays easily make silk clothes yellow and age. In addition, silk clothes should not be twisted after washing, but gently shaken, and they should be aired on the reverse side, and then ironed when they are 70% dry.
- Ironing: Silk garments have poor wrinkle resistance. If it is wrinkled after washing, it needs ironing to be more beautiful. When ironing, let the clothes dry until 70% dry, then spray water mist evenly, wait for 3 to 5 minutes before ironing, and control the temperature below 150°C. There is also a point that the iron should not directly touch the surface of silk clothes, so as not to produce aurora.
- Preservation: Preserving silk clothes, thinner underwear, skirts, shirts, etc., should be washed first, then ironed and stored. Those autumn and winter clothes and cheongsams that are inconvenient to remove and wash should be dry cleaned and ironed after dry cleaning to prevent mildew. Ironed silk clothes can also play the role of sterilization and insect control. Another point, the wardrobe for storing clothes should be kept clean to prevent dust pollution.
- We all know linen clothes very well. Linen clothes are very comfortable to wear. The advantage of linen clothes is that they are made of natural materials and have health care effects. Especially wearing linen underwear is helpful for sedation. However, Linen clothes tend to shrink easily after washing. Below is a guide on how to wash linen clothes.
- Linen clothes must be washed in cold water, even warm water is not suitable, because the color fastness of such clothes is very poor. If the temperature of the water used is too high, it will easily lead to fading.
- Use neutral detergent or laundry detergent when washing linen clothes. Washing powder is not suitable for use, because washing powder contains a relatively high amount of alkali, and if you wash linen clothes, it will easily lead to fading.
- After washing linen clothes, it is necessary to acidify them. The advantage of this is that the color of the linen clothes can be more fixed. How to do it? Add 5% white vinegar to the water, put the linen clothes in, and soak for 2 minutes.
- After cleaning, be sure to stretch it out when drying, otherwise, it will be easy to wrinkle.
- Problems when washing wool and cashmere clothes: shrinkage, wrinkling, hardening, pilling, poor elasticity, and no fluffy feeling.
Cleaning method: generally choose dry cleaning, but is it really impossible to wash with water? Of course not. It is particularly important to choose the correct laundry detergent and cleaning method when washing. If you choose the wrong one, it will seriously damage the clothes. How to wash wool and cashmere clothes, the most important thing is to choose a good laundry detergent and the correct washing method.
Choice of laundry detergent:
- Neutral. Strong alkaline detergents/powders can damage wool fibers, resulting in poor softness and bulk.
- Easy to rinse. Too much foam and multiple wringing and squeezing will accelerate the shrinkage of the wool.
- Sterilization. The main component of wool and cashmere is protein, which is good food for bacteria/worms, and it is easy to breed bacteria, especially when the season is changed, and sterilization is more important.
- Does not contain active enzymes. Active enzymes will break down the proteins in wool and cashmere, which will accelerate the aging of wool. (Before choosing a laundry detergent, carefully read the ingredient list of the laundry detergent that does not contain enzymes)
- Does not contain bleach. Bleach can corrode wool fibers.
- Hand washing is recommended, and machine washing is not recommended. Although "wool" or "gentle" can be selected on the front-loading washing machine, it is easy to cause problems such as residue and shrinkage.
- Before washing: Turn the clothes inside out to reduce friction, otherwise, it will be easy to pilling.
- Water temperature: no more than 30 degrees. Wool tends to curl when the water temperature is too high, causing shrinkage and pilling.
4, rubbing and washing: pay attention to rubbing gently, do not use a washboard to scrub.
- Wring out: Squeeze and wring out slightly. Do not squeeze dry, let alone spin dry in the washing machine.
- Drying: spread out flat to prevent deformation and avoid exposure to sunlight. After drying, do not iron at high temperatures.